The separation or cutting of rail due to friction and abnormal heavy load is called wear. There are three types of wears of rail, Wear of rails at the Top, Wear of rails at the end and Wear at the side of head of rails.
The following methods are adopted for reducing wear of rails. Use of Special Alloy Steel, Good Maintenance of Track, Reduction of Expansion Gap. At places where, wear of rail is considerable, special alloy steel rails are used.