Manufacturing Process Meaning and Types

cast manufacturing process

What is Manufacturing Process?

Manufacturing process is basically a complex activity, concerned with people who've a broad number of disciplines and expertise and a wide range of machinery, tools, and equipment with numerous levels of automation, such as computers, robots, and other equipment. Manufacturing pursuits must be receptive to several needs and developments.

Beside above, all the future technicians must understand the basic needs of workshop routines in terms of man, equipment, material, methods, revenue and other infrastructure conveniences needed to be placed properly for maximum shop or plant layouts and other support solutions effectively regulated or positioned in the field or industry within a properly planned manufacturing firm.


The complete knowledge of fundamental workshop technology and manufacturing processes is highly troublesome for anybody to claim competence over it. It deals with numerous aspects of workshops procedures also for providing the basic working awareness of the various engineering materials, tools, accessories, manufacturing processes, basic concepts of machine instruments, production criteria’s, traits and uses of numerous testing instruments and calibrating or inspecting units for checking materials or products designed in various production shops in a commercial environment. It also explains and illustrates the use of several hand tools (calibrating, marking, forming and supporting gear etc.), tools, machinery and diverse methods of production that facilitate forming or shaping the existing raw materials into appropriate usable forms. Below are some of the manufacturing processes that are worth reading.

Types of Manufacturing Processes

Following are the 4 types of manufacturing processes


Tools used for machining are immobile power-driven units used to form or shape solid materials, specifically metals. The forming is done by removing extra materials from a work-piece. Machine tools make up the foundation of advanced industry and are utilized either indirectly or directly in the manufacturing of tool parts.


They are categorized under three main categories:

  1. Traditional Chip-making tools.
  2. Presses.
  3. Modern machine tools.

Traditional chip-making tools form the work-piece by trimming away the unwanted part accessible as chips. Presses implement a several shaping processes, which includes shearing, pressing, or elongating. Non-traditional machine tools implement light, electric powered, chemical, and sonic power; superheated gas; and high-energy compound beams to form the exotic supplies and materials that have been created to meet the requirements of modern technology.


Every joining approach has particular design needs, while certain joint needs may propose a particular joining approach. Design for assembly, and fastener selection apply their own specifications.

Bolting is a standard fastening method, for instance, but welding may cut down the weight of assemblies. Naturally, joints intended for the two approaches would differ tremendously.


However, all joint patterns must consider features such as load factors, assembly effectiveness, operating surroundings, overhaul and upkeep, and the materials chosen.

Welding is generally a cost-effective approach to fabricate. It doesn't require overlapping materials, and so it removes excess weight brought on by other fastening methods. Fasteners don't have to be purchased and stored in stock. Welding also can minimize costs related to extra parts, for example angles mounted between parts.


Metal forming is the approach of creating the metallic components by deforming the metal but not by removing, cutting, shredding or breaking any part. Bending, spinning, drawing, and stretching are a few important metal forming process in manufacturing. The metal press such as die and punching tools are implemented for this manufacturing process.


Advantages: – Same equipment can be utilized for manufacturing various components by simply changing the dies.

Disadvantages: – High apparatus and tooling expenses. – Heat treatment must be applied afterwards.


Casting is a manufacturing process in which a solid is dissolved into a liquid, heated to appropriate temperature (sometimes processed to change its chemical formula), and is then added into a mold or cavity. Thus, in just one step, complex or simple shapes can be crafted from any kind of metal that has the capability to be melted. The end product can have practically any arrangement the designer wants.


Furthermore, the reluctance to working challenges can be improved, directional attributes can be managed, and a pleasing look can be developed.