Author Archives: Umar Farooq

Activated Sludge Process

Activated Sludge Process

Activated sludge may be define as the sludge which settled down after the sewage has been agitated freely in the presence of abundant atmospheric oxygen. Activated sludge contains a large number of aerobic bacteria and other organism and acts as a fertilizing constituent (agent)

Coning of Wheels in Rails

Coning of Wheels

The rim or flanges of the wheels are never made flat but they are in the shape of a cone with a slope of about 1 to 20. This is known as coning of wheels. The coning of wheels is manly done to maintain the vehicle in the central position with respect to the track.